Daily food that we eat generates glucose in our body. Insulin is a type of hormone produced in our body that helps the glucose get into body cells to give them energy. Now, diabetes a kind of disease occurs when blood glucose levels get higher than the actual level and thus it is harmful to our health. In a broader sense, it can be categorized into type 1 and type 2 diabetes.
With type1, the body does not make insulin and with type 2 body does not use insulin well. When the body does not produce enough insulin, the glucose stays in the blood. That’s why diabetes for a longer period of time can damage the eyes, kidneys, and nerves if the sugar level is too high.
Type 1 diabetes happens most often in children and young adults and has an adverse impact on health. Symptoms may include
- Very thirsty feeling
- Urinating very often
- Feeling very hungry or tired
- Losing weight without trying
- Having sores that heal slowly
The chances of getting type 2 diabetes to depend on a combination of risk factors such as body genes and lifestyle. The risk factors include
- Being overweight
- Age 45 or older
- Having family history
- Having high blood pressure
- With a low level of HDL which is good cholesterol
- An idle lifestyle
Pregnancy diabetes happens sometimes when a woman is pregnant for the first time. Usually, it goes away after giving birth to a baby. However, it increases the risk of developing type 2 also later part of life which is a threat to our health.
so, it is wise to control blood sugar before one get pregnant because high blood sugar levels can be harmful to the baby. Either type of the disease during pregnancy can be harmful to mother and baby.
Many children and teens face type 1 diabetes which is known as juvenile diabetes. Now it is becoming more common in children and teens, due to more obesity. In Type 1, the pancreas does not make insulin.
Children also have the higher risk of type 2 if they are overweight, have a family history of diabetes, or usually inactive.
How can I prevent or delay getting type 2 diabetes?
A healthier lifestyle is the key to prevent or delay getting type 2 diabetes. To maintain a healthier lifestyle one should follow the following basic thing such as-
It is important to keep weight under control and if someone already having overweight then need to lose weight. One may be able to prevent or delay it by losing 5 to 10 percent of current weight. For example, if you weigh 180 pounds, your goal would be to lose between 15 to 20 pounds. And after that, it is important to retain that.
Maintaining a healthy diet plan: It is important Maintaining a healthy diet plan in order to reduce the number of calories one eat and drink each day, so one can lose weight and keep it under control. To do so diet should include less fat and sugar and also eat a variety of foods from each food group, including plenty of whole grains, fruits, and vegetables.
Regular exercise: Regular Exercise is one of the key components of health. For example, Morning Walking or afternoon, jogging, swimming, work out regularly are the best exercise which helps to lose weight and lower your blood sugar levels.
Smoking: Smoking can contribute to insulin resistance, which can lead to type 2 diabetes.